Golf Glossary

 
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Scoring Clubs
The driver, putter and sand wedge.
Scramble
To recover from trouble or a popular form of team play in which the team members pick the golf ball in the best position and everyone plays from that spot.
Semiprivate Lesson
An instruction format where a limited number of pupils work with a golf professional.
Separation
When any of the various body parts and/or the golf club move either faster or slower that the other elements of the swing.
Setup
The process of addressing the golf ball, so that the golf club and body are properly aimed and aligned.
Shank
When the golf ball is struck on the hosel of the club, usually sending it shooting off to the right.
Shape
To curve a shot to fit the situation. The word is also used to describe the flight of the golf ball.
Short Game
Those shots played on and around the green, including putting, chipping and pitching, and bunker shots.
Short Irons
The 8 and 9 irons and the pitching wedge. The sand wedge is considered a scoring or specialty golf club.
Shut
A position in the golf swing when the clubface is closed relative to the target line.
Sky
A high, short shot caused by the clubhead striking the underside of the golf ball. Also known as a "pop-up."
Slice
A golf ball that curves from left to right to a greater degree than a fade.
Smothered Hook
A low, right to left golf shot that dives quickly to the ground. The cause is an extremely closed clubface.
Sole
When referring to equipment, it is the bottom of a golf club. When referring to the golf swing, it is the point when the sole of the golf club touches the ground at address.
Sole-Weighted
A design, usually for fairway woods, that incorporates additional weight along the sole of the golf club. This makes it easier to get the golf ball into the air and is also effective from the rough.
Splash Shot
A golf shot played from a good lie in the bunker. The golf club "splashes" through the sand, throwing the golf ball into the air.
Spoon
A term for a 3-wood that is seldom used today.
Spot
Another term for marking the golf ball on the green so it might be lifted.
Spot Putting
Using an intermediate target such as a discolored blade of grass or an old ball mark as a means of aiming a golf putt.
Square
A term frequently used in golf. It can be used to describe a stance or the clubface or to describe contact with the ball. It can also refer to the status of a match.
Stance
The position of the golfer's feet at address.
Steer
An attempt to guide the flight of the golf ball that usually results in a loss of distance.
Straight-Faced
The description of a golf club with very little loft, such as a driving iron, or a driver that lacks the standard bulge and roll.
Stroke Play
Also known as medal play, it is a form of competition based on the cumulative number of strokes taken, either over one round or several.
Strong Grip
A terms used to describe a grip in which the hands are turned counter-clockwise on the grip. It does not connote a stronger-than-normal grip pressure.
Supination
An outward rotation of the hands (thumbs turning out) away from the body's centerline when standing in a palms-facing-the-body position. In the golf swing it is the right-hand rotation motion on the backswing and the left's on the forward swing.
Swaying
An exaggerated lateral movement of the body on either the backswing, forward swing, or both, which results in inconsistent shotmaking.
Sweet Spot
The point on the golf clubface where, if it is struck with an object, the clubface will not torque or twist to either side.
Swing Arc
The entire path the golf clubhead makes in the course of a swing. It is a combination of the swing's width and length.
Swing Center
A point, usually near the base of the neck and the top of the spine, around which the arms and upper body rotate during the swing.
Swing Plane
An imaginary surface that describes the path and angle of the golf club during the swing.
Swinger
A golfer whose swing is based on timing and rhythm, as opposed to a "hitter," whose swing is based on sheer power.
Swingweight
A measure of the effective weight of a golf club.
Swingweight Scale
A device for measuring swingweight.
 
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Modified 04/03/2005