Golf Glossary

 
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Caddie
The person hired to carry golf clubs and provide other assistance.
Calcutta
An auction in which people bid on players or teams in a tournament.
Cambered Sole
A rounding of the sole of the club to reduce drag. A four-way cambered sole is one that is rounded at every edge of a wood.
Carry
The distance a ball will fly in the air, usually to carry a hazard or safely reach a target.
Carryover
When a hole is tied in a match and the bet is carried over to the next hole.
Casting
An uncocking of the wrists prematurely on the downswing, resulting in a loss of power and control. Also known as "hitting from the top."
Cavity-back
A type of iron in which a portion of the back of the clubhead is hollowed out and the weight distributed around the outside edges of the clubhead.
Center of Gravity
That point in the golfers body (in the pelvic area) where the body's weight and mass are equally balanced.
Center of Rotation
The axis or swing center that the body winds and unwinds around during the swing.
Centrifugal Force
The action in a rotating body that tends to move mass away from the center. It is the force you feel in the downswing that pulls the clubhead outward and downward, extending the arms and encouraging to take a circular path.
Chicken Wing
A swing flaw in which the lead elbow bends at an angle pointed away from the body, usually resulting in a blocked or pushed shot.
Chip and Run
A low-running shot played around the greens where the ball spends more time on the ground than in the air.
Choke
A derogatory term describing poor play that results from the golfers nervousness.
Choke Down
The act of gripping down on the shaft of the golf club, which is generally believed to provide greater control.
Chunk
A poor shot caused by hitting the turf well behind the ball, resulting in a fat shot.
Cleek
A fairway wood with the approximate loft of a 4-wood that produces high shots that land softly.
Closed Clubface
The position formed when the toe of the golf club is closer to the ball that the heel, either at address or impact, which causes the clubface to point to the left of the target line. When referred to in a swing it is a position during the swing in which the clubface is angled to the left of the target line or swing plane, generally resulting in shots hit to the left of the target.
Closed Grip
Generally referred to as a strong grip because both hands are turned away from the target.
Closed Stance
A description of a stance when the golfer's rear foot is pulled back away from the target line.
Closed-to-Open
A swing in which the clubhead is closed on the backswing but then manipulated into an open position on the downswing.
Cocked Wrists
A description of the hinging motion of the wrists during the backswing in which the hands are turned clockwise. Ideally, the wrists are fully cocked at the beginning of the downswing.
Coefficient of Restitution
The relationship of the clubhead speed at impact to the velocity of the ball after it has been struck. This measure is affected by the clubhead and ball material.
Coil
The turning of the golfer's body during the backswing.
Come Over the Top
A motion beginning the downswing that sends the golf club outside the ideal plane (swing path) and delivers the clubhead from outside the target line at impact. This is sometimes known as an outside-to-inside swing.
Compression
A measure of the relative hardness of a golf ball ranging from 100 (hardest) to 80 (softest).
Connection
A description of a golf swing in which all the various body parts work harmoniously to produce a solid, fluid motion.
Conservation of Angular Momentum (COAM)
The law of physics that allows the golfer to produce large amounts of kinetic energy. When the body shifts it's weight and turns towards the target in the forward swing, the mass (arms and club) is pulled away from the center into an extended position by centrifugal force. By temporary resisting that pull as well as the temptation to assist the hit by releasing too early, one maintains the angle formed between the club's shaft and the left arm and conserves the energy until a more advantageous moment. This has been referred to as a "delayed hit," a "late hit," "connection," "lag loading," "the keystone" or COAM, but when performed correctly may simply be called "good timing."
Croquet Style
A putting stance in which the player stands aside the ball, facing the hole, holds the club with a widely-split grip, and strikes the ball with a croquet-type stroke. A similar style, in which the player faced the hole with the ball positioned between the feet, was banned by the United States Golf Association.
Cross-Handed
A golf grip in which the left (or lead) hand is placed below the right hand, in other words, a grip that is the opposite of the traditional grips.
Cupped Wrist
A position in which the left or top hand is hinged outward at the top of the golfer's backswing.
Cuppy Lie
A lie when the golf ball is sitting down slightly, usually in a small depression.
Cut Shot
A shot played with a slightly open clubface and a swing path that travels out to in. The result is a soft fade that produces additional backspin and causes the ball to stop quickly on the green.
 
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Modified 04/03/2005