Golf Glossary

 
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B
Backspin
A rotational movement or spin of the ball produced by contact with the clubface. The greater the backspin, the higher the ball will fly and the more it will spin, and therefore stop or even spin backwards on impact with the turf.
Backswing
The motion that involves the club and every element of the body in taking the club away from the ball and setting it in position at the top of the backswing from which the club can be delivered to the ball at impact.
Balance
The proper distribution of weight both at address and throughout the swing.
Balata
A rubber-like substance used as a cover material for golf balls. Pure balata is rarely, if ever, used today. Instead, manufacturers use blends or synthetic material. Many players prefer balata or balata-like covers because it provides a softer feel. And can provide increased spin.
Baseball Grip
A grip in which all ten fingers are placed on the grip of the club.
Birdie
A score of one under par on a hole.
Bladed Shot
Often referred to as a "skulled" shot, it occurs when the top half of the ball is struck with the bottom portion of an iron, resulting a low-running shot.
Block
A golf swing in which the rotation of the forearms is delayed or prevented throughout the hitting area, generally producing a shot that flies to the right of the target.
Bobbing
The act of raising and lowering or lowering and raising the swing center in the course of the golf swing.
Bogey
A score of one over par on a hole.
Borrow
The amount of break a player allows for when hitting a breaking putt.
Bowed
A position of the wrists at the top of the backswing in which the top wrist is bent slightly inward.
Break
An amount the putt will curve to the side because of the slope, grain and wind that affect the movement of the ball.
Bump and Run
A pitch shot around the green in which the player hits the ball into a slope to deaden its speed before settling on the green and rolling towards the hole.
Bunker
A hollow comprised of sand or grass or both that exists as an obstacle and, in some cases, a hazard.
 
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Modified 04/03/2005